Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System II
The successor to CAPPS, a Transportation Security Administration system in development which analyzes multiple U.S. governmental and private databases for information on international passengers, ranking their potential as security threats.
In addition to the federal crime databases currently monitored, from the FBI, National Crime Information Center (NCIC), and State Department, databases from the IRS, Social Security Administration, state motor vehicle and corrections departments, credit bureaus, banks, and other personal-information aggregators such as Experian, Acxiom, Equifax, and ChoicePoint are to be included.
Four computer companies, including NCR Teledata, the casino-industry specialist Systems Research & Development, antifraud specialist HNC Software (partner of Axciom), and systems integrator Accenture (partner of Equifaz), have been granted pilot projects to compete for the system. The threat criteria are secret, though reasonable assumptions, based on similar systems in the financial industry and the original CAPPS program, include using cash, buying one-way tickets, having questionable or conflicting identification documents, and criminal records.
An initial proposed component of the system is "trusted travelers", in which travelers who give up biometric information (most likely fingerprints) and undergo some kind of background check would be allowed to bypass some screening.
EPIC has sued the TSA for failing to disclose how the system will work.
Rollout is planned for the end of 2002.
- Private Info Becoming Plane Truth, Wired News, September 16, 2002
- CAPPS backgrounder Privacyactivism, September 5, 2002
- Air Security Focusing on Flier Screening, The Washington Post, September 4, 2002
- TSA system would dig up passenger info, Federal Computer Week, September 2, 2002
- The Intensifying Scrutiny at Airports, Business Week, June 5, 2002