Electronic Communications and Transactions Bill
South Africa's comprehensive 2002 legislation on the Internet, going into effect by July. A goal of the ECT is universal Internet access for the citizens of South Africa. It also sets the terms for making electronic documents legally binding, requires the registry of cryptography providers and "critical databases", and establishes "cyber inspectors". In short, it tries to legislate South Africa into the digital age.
Within the law is authorization for the government to take of administration of the .az domain without ICANN approval, which the current administrator, Mike Lawrie protested. Instead of shutting down the domain as he first threatened, Lawrie moved the primary zone file offshore.